GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM®: Both the GYROTONIC® & GYROKINESIS® methods were developed by Juliu Horvath starting in the 1980s. First called “Yoga for Dancers”, many GYROTONIC® movements are rooted in yoga, but instead of holding poses, there is constant rhythmical movement corresponding with different breathing patterns, ending up resulting in not just an exercise class but a moving meditation. GYROTONIC® movements are based on the patterns found in Nature , especially circles, spirals, and figure eights. The goal is not only to strengthen and stretch , but to stimulate all of the body’s systems. GYROKINESIS® classes are performed sitting on a stool, on a mat and standing. GYROTONIC® classes use the pulley tower and other specialized equipment. Being cable driven, Horvath designed the pulley tower to provide support, traction and challenge to his choreography. The pulley tower invites movement rather than resisting it, enabling one to move in one’s optimum range of motion. One does not only strengthen the large muscles, but all the little ones around the joints. Combining focus on intention, spherical awareness, strengthening and stretching the entire body, and an emphasis on breathing, the ultimate goal of the Gyrotonic work is the harmony of body, mind and spirit.